Whenever we need to break the ice, we talk about the weather, don’t we?
Before you continue: I recommend you watch this video from Spring Spanish, a language learning platform I co-founded, about the weather in Spanish:
Talking about weather conditions is the typical small talk in a party where we don’t know people, when we take a taxi, or when we are waiting in a line. So, if you’re learning Spanish, having vocabulary, verbs, and expressions about the weather in Spanish at hand, will be of great help!
Keep reading in order to learn how to talk about the seasons and different weather conditions in Spanish, the use of the verbs hacer, haber, ser, and estar, and some common weather expressions. Let’s go!
1. Useful Vocabulary and Chunks for the Weather in Spanish
We can describe the weather in Spanish using both nouns and adjectives; and of course, depending on the season, the weather will vary.
Check the following chart to learn the vocabulary. Notice the verbs used in each case, and also that in Spanish the use of nouns is more common than in English.
Phrases for the weather in Spanish
|Las estaciones||The seasons||“Mi estación favorita es el verano” – (My favourite season is the summer.)|
|La primavera||spring||“La primavera es templado en mi país” – (The spring is warm in my country. )|
|El verano||summer||“En verano hace calor” – (The summer is hot.)|
|El otoño||autumn, fall||“El otoño es fresco”. – (The autumn is cool.)|
|El invierno||winter||“En invierno nieva mucho” – (It snows a lot during winter.)|
Learn these nouns to describe the weather in Spanish
|Spanish noun||English noun|
|El calor – “Hace mucho calor hoy”||Heat – “It’s very hot today”.|
|El frío – “Hace mucho frío en invierno”||Cold – “It’s cold during the winter”.|
|El sol – “Hoy hace sol” (Spain)|
“Hoy hay sol” (Latin America)
|Sun – “It’s sunny today”|
|La nube – “Hay muchas nubes hoy”.||Cloud – “There are many clouds today”|
|La Lluvia – “Hay lluvias en enero”.||Rain – “There are rains in January”|
|El viento – “Hay mucho viento en la playa”.||Wind – “It’s windy on the beach”|
|La nieve – “Hay nieve en las montañas”||Snow – “There’s snow in the mountains”|
|La tormenta – “Hay una tormenta eléctrica”||Storm – “There’s a thunderstorm”.|
|La niebla – “En las mañanas siempre hay niebla”||Fog – “The mornings are always foggy”|
Learn these adjective to describe the weather in Spanish
|Spanish adjective||English adjective|
|cálido: comfortably hot – “Hoy está cálido”|
Caluroso: too hot – “Ayer estuvo muy caluroso”.
|Hot – “It’s hot today”. Hot – “Yesterday was very hot”.|
|Frío – “El día está muy frío”||Cold – “The day is very cold”|
|Soleado – “Hoy está soleado”.||Sunny – “It’s sunny today”|
|Nublado, nuboso – “Hoy está nublado/nuboso”||Cloudy – “It’s cloudy today”|
|Lluvioso – “Enero es/está lluvioso”||Rainy – “January is rainy”|
|Ventoso – “Está ventoso en la playa”||Windy – “It’s windy on the beach”|
|Nevado/nevada – “Las montañas están nevadas”||Snow-covered – “The mountains are snow-covered”|
|Tormentoso – “Es un día tormentoso”||Stormy – “It’s a stormy day”|
|Neblinoso – “Es una mañana neblinosa”||Foggy – “It’s a foggy morning”|
2. Talking About the Weather: When to use Estar, Haber and Hacer
Now that we’ve learned basic weather words in Spanish, we’ll also learn what verbs collocate with each of them and why.
The three preferred verbs to talk about the weather in Spanish are estar (to be), haber (there be), and hacer (to make or do).
To answer the questions:
- ¿Qué tiempo hace hoy? – (What’s the weather like today?)
- ¿Cómo está el tiempo/clima hoy? – (What’s the weather like today? / How’s the weather today?)
- ¿Qué tal está el clima hoy? – (What’s the weather like today? / How’s the weather today?)
We can use any of the following structures:
|ESTAR + ADJECTIVE||Refers to temporary weather conditions||“Los inviernos son fríos en esta región, pero este invierno está bastante templado.” – (Winters are cold in this area, but this winter is pretty warm.)|
|SER + ADJECTIVE||Refers to typical weather conditions in a season or area||“El verano es caluroso en esta ciudad.” – (The summer is hot in this city.)|
|ESTAR + GERUND||Refers to actions occurring at the moment of speaking||“Está lloviendo; está nevando.” – (It’s raining; it’s snowing.)|
|HABER + NOUN||Refers to the presence of weather phenomena||“Hay sol; hay lluvia; hay nieve; hay niebla; hay viento; hay nubes, etc.” – (There is sun; there is rain; there is snow; there is fog; there is wind; there are clouds, etc.)|
|HACER + NOUN||Preferred form in Spain with nouns like calor, frío, sol, etc.||“Hace calor hoy.” – (It’s hot today.)|
In most Latin American Spanish-speaking countries, the preferred form with nouns like “calor” (hot), “frío” (cold), “sol” (sun), etc., is to use “haber” as follows: “Haber calor; haber frío; haber sol” etc.
Notice that the noun tiempo can refer to both time and weather:
- “Es un buen tiempo para salir” – (It’s a good time to go out)
- “Hace buen tiempo para salir” – (The weather is good to go out)
Also, keep in mind that in Spanish, it is possible to use the words tiempo and clima to refer to the weather.
- “¿Cómo está el tiempo/el clima hoy en Argentina?” – (What’s the weather like in Argentina today?)
3. Verbs Related to Weather Conditions
The verbs that refer to weather conditions are defective, i.e., they are only conjugated in the 3rd person singular because they refer to an external event.
Verbs that refer to weather conditions
|llover||To rain||“Llueve mucho en verano” – (It rains a lot in the summer.)|
|nevar||To snow||“Está nevando en este momento” – (It’s snowing at this moment.)|
|nublarse||To cloud over||“Había sol esta mañana, pero después se nubló” – (The morning was sunny, but it clouded over later.)|
|lloviznar||To drizzle||“Ha lloviznado toda la noche” – (It’s drizzled all night.)|
|tronar||To thunder||“¿Está tronando?” – (Is it thundering?)|
4. Special Spanish Weather Expressions
If you’re traveling to a Spanish-speaking country, you may want to use these expressions.
- Me estoy asando de calor – (Be suffering from the heat)
- Llueve a mares / Llueve a baldes – (It’s raining cats and dogs)
- Me muero de frío – (To be freezing, to feel very cold)
- Está helado – (It’s freezing)
If you want learn more Spanish for your holidays, check this out article with travel Spanish.
5. Conquer Weather Conversations in Spanish With Conversation Based Chunking
I hope this article helped you to have conversations about the weather in Spanish.
The easiest way to learn even more Spanish is through a method called Conversation Based Chunking™. This method (I’ve written a book on it too) is used by hundreds of thousands of students around the world with great success.
Curious to learn more? Make sure to get your free Spanish Chunking Starter Pack, where I show you a 4-step method to learn Spanish without having to memorize word lists and grammar rules. It comes with tutorial videos for Conversation Based Chunking ™, resource lists to get you started, and much more.
Conversation Based Chunking™ is currently being used by hundreds of thousands of students across the world with great results.
If you want to get fluent in Spanish, I recommend you check out the free starter pack and start implementing the methodology in your studies.