How to talk about the weather in Spanish
Whenever we need to break the ice, we talk about the weather, don’t we?
Talking about weather conditions is the typical small talk in a party where we don’t know people, when we take a taxi, or when we are waiting in a line. So, if you’re learning Spanish, having vocabulary, verbs, and expressions about the weather in Spanish at hand, will be of great help!
Keep reading in order to learn how to talk about the seasons and different weather conditions in Spanish, the use of the verbs hacer, haber, ser, and estar, and some common weather expressions. Let’s go!
1. Types of seasons and weather in Spanish
Before you continue: I recommend you watch this video from Spring Spanish, a language learning platform I co-founded, about the weather in Spanish:
We can describe the weather in Spanish using both nouns and adjectives; and of course, depending on the season, the weather will vary. Check the following chart to learn the vocabulary. Notice the verbs used in each case, and also that in Spanish the use of nouns is more common than in English.
Phrases for the weather in Spanish
|Las estaciones||The seasons||“Mi estación favorita es el verano” – (My favourite season is the summer.)|
|La primavera||spring||“La primavera es templado en mi país” – (The spring is warm in my country. )|
|El verano||summer||“En verano hace calor” – (The summer is hot.)|
|El otoño||autumn, fall||“El otoño es fresco”. – (The autumn is cool.)|
|El invierno||winter||“En invierno nieva mucho” – (It snows a lot during winter.)|
Learn these nouns and adjectives to describe the weather in Spanish
|Spanish noun||Spanish adjective||English noun||English adjective|
|El calor – “Hace mucho calor hoy”||cálido: comfortably hot – “Hoy está cálido”|
Caluroso: too hot – “Ayer estuvo muy caluroso”.
|Heat – “It’s very hot today”.||Hot – “It’s hot today”. Hot – “Yesterday was very hot”.|
|El frío – “Hace mucho frío en invierno”||Frío – “El día está muy frío”||Cold – “It’s cold during the winter”.||Cold – “The day is very cold”|
|El sol – “Hoy hace sol” (Spain)|
“Hoy hay sol” (Latin America)
|Soleado – “Hoy está soleado”.||Sun – “It’s sunny today”||Sunny – “It’s sunny today”|
|La nube – “Hay muchas nubes hoy”.||Nublado, nuboso – “Hoy está nublado/nuboso”||Cloud – “There are many clouds today”||Cloudy – “It’s cloudy today”|
|La Lluvia – “Hay lluvias en enero”.||Lluvioso – “Enero es/está lluvioso”||Rain – “There are rains in January”||Rainy – “January is rainy”|
|El viento – “Hay mucho viento en la playa”.||Ventoso – “Está ventoso en la playa”||Wind – “It’s windy on the beach”||Windy – “It’s windy on the beach”|
|La nieve – “Hay nieve en las montañas”||Nevado/nevada – “Las montañas están nevadas”||Snow – “There’s snow in the mountains”||Snow-covered – “The mountains are snow-covered”|
|La tormenta – “Hay una tormenta eléctrica”||Tormentoso – “Es un día tormentoso”||Storm – “There’s a thunderstorm”.||Stormy – “It’s a stormy day”|
|La niebla – “En las mañanas siempre hay niebla”||Neblinoso – “Es una mañana neblinosa”||Fog – “The mornings are always foggy”||Foggy – “It’s a foggy morning”|
2. Talk about the weather: Difference between estar, haber y hacer
Now that we’ve learned basic weather words in Spanish, we’ll also learn what verbs collocate with each of them and why. The three preferred verbs to talk about the weather in Spanish are estar (to be), haber (there be), and hacer (to make or do).
To answer the questions:
- ¿Qué tiempo hace hoy? – (What’s the weather like today?)
- ¿Cómo está el tiempo/clima hoy? – (What’s the weather like today? / How’s the weather today?)
- ¿Qué tal está el clima hoy? – (What’s the weather like today? / How’s the weather today?)
We can use any of the following structures:
- ESTAR + ADJECTIVE: to refer to a temporary weather condition
- SER + ADJECTIVE: to refer to weather conditions that are typical in a certain season or area.
- E.g., “Los inviernos son fríos en esta región, pero este invierno está bastante templado”. – (Winters are cold in this area, but this winter is pretty warm.)
- ESTAR + GERUND: to refer to actions that are occurring at the moment of speaking:
- E.g., Está lloviendo; está nevando – (It’s raining; it’s snowing)
- HABER + NOUN
- E.g., Hay sol; hay lluvia; hay nieve; hay niebla; hay viento; hay nubes, etc.
- HACER + NOUN: The nouns calor and frío always require the verb hacer. In Spain, it is the preferred form with other nouns too, like sol, buen tiempo, mal clima, etc. In most of Latin American Spanish-speaking countries, haber is preferred in these last cases.
Notice that the noun tiempo can refer to both time and weather:
- “Es un buen tiempo para salir” – (It’s a good time to go out)
- “Hace buen tiempo para salir” – (The weather is good to go out)
Also, keep in mind that in Spanish, it is possible to use the words tiempo and clima to refer to the weather.
- “¿Cómo está el tiempo/el clima hoy en Argentina?” – (What’s the weather like in Argentina today?)
3. Verbs related to weather conditions
The verbs that refer to weather conditions are defective, i.e., they are only conjugated in the 3rd person singular because they refer to an external event.
Verbs that refer to weather conditions
|llover||To rain||“Llueve mucho en verano” – (It rains a lot in the summer.)|
|nevar||To snow||“Está nevando en este momento” – (It’s snowing at this moment.)|
|nublarse||To cloud over||“Había sol esta mañana, pero después se nubló” – (The morning was sunny, but it clouded over later.)|
|lloviznar||To drizzle||“Ha lloviznado toda la noche” – (It’s drizzled all night.)|
|tronar||To thunder||“¿Está tronando?” – (Is it thundering?)|
4. Special Spanish weather expressions
If you're traveling to a Spanish-speaking country, you may want to use these expressions.
- Me estoy asando de calor – (Be suffering from the heat)
- Llueve a mares / Llueve a baldes – (It’s raining cats and dogs)
- Me muero de frío – (To be freezing, to feel very cold)
- Está helado – (It’s freezing)
If you want learn more Spanish for your holidays, check this out article with travel Spanish.
5. Conquer Weather Conversations in Spanish with Conversation Based Chunking
I hope this article helped you to have conversations about the weather in Spanish.
The easiest way to learn even more Spanish is through a method called Conversation Based Chunking™. This method (I’ve written a book on it too) is used by hundreds of thousands of students around the world with great success.
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