Master the 7 days of the week in Spanish
In the process of language learning, there’s always basic vocabulary that you need to learn first because it is widely used in everyday life. That is the case of greetings, for example, or of the days of the week. So, if you’re eager to learn Spanish from its very basics, keep reading!
Today we‘re going to learn how to pronounce, write, and use the days of the week in Spanish.
1. Useful vocabulary to use the week in sentences
La semana is the week in Spanish, and el día is the day. Look!
How to talk about the week in Spanish
|Días de la semana||Days of the week||Los días de la semana son site. – (The days of the week are seven.)|
|El día||The day||El día lunes tengo una cita médica. – (On Monday I have a medical appointment.)|
|La semana||The week||La semana tiene siete días. – (The week has seven days. )|
|El fin de semana||The weekend||No trabajo los fines de semana. – (I don’t work on weekends.)|
|Entre semana||During the week||No quiero salir de noche entre semana. –(I don’t want to go out at night during the week.)|
|La semana laboral||The work week||La semana laboral va de lunes a viernes. – (The work week runs from Monday to Friday.)|
2. Learn the Spanish days of the week
Talking about the days is very useful when we need to schedule a meeting, have an important event, or organize an appointment of any kind. In Spanish, the week starts on Monday and finishes on Sunday.
Los días de la semana – The days of the week
|lunes||Monday||Los lunes voy al gimnasio. – (On Mondays I go to the gym.)|
|martes||Tuesday||El martes tengo un examen. – (On Tuesday I have an exam.)|
|miércoles||Wednesday||El miércoles me junto con mi mejor amiga. – (On Wednesday I’m meeting my best friend.)|
|jueves||Thursday||El jueves tengo clases de español. – (On Thursday I have a Spanish class.)|
|viernes||Friday||El viernes voy a ver una película en la tele. – (On Friday I’ll watch a film on TV.)|
|sábado||Saturday||El sábado saldré a bailar. – (On Saturday I’ll go dancing.)|
|domingo||Sunday||Los domingos me relajo en casa. – (On Sundays I relax at home.)|
In Spanish, it is possible to place the days of the week either at the beginning or at the end of a sentence, depending on our intended emphasis.
So, we can say:
- “Los lunes voy al gimnasio”, emphasizing the fact that we go on Mondays.
- “Voy al gimnasio los lunes”, where no special emphasis is intended.
3. Spanish Days of the Week: Grammar Rules for Gender, Plurals, and Articles
The rules of usage for the days of the week in Spanish are different from those in English. If you take a look at the previous chart and the examples, you may notice that in Spanish:
1. The days of the week do not begin with a capital letter, unless they are the first word in a sentence, or they are part of a proper name.
- ¿Qué día es hoy? – (What day is today?)
- Hoy es miércoles. – (Today is Wednesday.)
- ¿Puedes venir el miércoles o jueves? – (Can you come on Wednesday or Thursday?)
- Lunes o martes es mejor para mí. – (Monday or Tuesday work better for me.)
- Mañana es Miércoles de Ceniza. – (Tomorrow is Ash Wednesday.)
2. Just like every noun in Spanish, the days of the week have both gender and number. All the days of the week are masculine in gender, so they require masculine articles and modifiers.
- Los lunes son aburridos. (masculine and plural) – (Mondays are boring.)
- El sábado pasado fui al cine. (masculine and singular)
3. The plural form of some days of the week in Spanish is the same as the singular one. This depends on the final letter of the word. So, if the day of the week ends in -s it remains the same, and all we have to do is change the singular article by the plural one; while when it ends in a vowel, it adds -s to form the plural.
- El lunes – Los lunes
- El martes – Los martes
- El miércoles – Los miércoles
- El jueves – Los jueves
- El viernes – Los viernes
- El sábado – Los sábados
- El domingo – Los domingos
4. Wherever you say “on” in English, the definite article “el” or “los” is used in Spanish, depending on whether you’re referring to a single day, or more than one day.
- Los martes corro en el parque. – (I run in the park on Mondays.)
- El martes tengo una carrera en el parque. – (I have a race in the park on Monday.)
A simple way to express that you do something regularly, on a certain day is:
Todos + los + day of the week in the plural form
- Todos los martes corro en el parque. – (I run in the park every Tuesday.)
4. Tricks to help you learn the days of the week in Spanish
Remembering the Spanish days of the week can be easy if you take into account this trick! All the days of the working week derive from a celestial body, and the days in the weekend have a religious origin. Look!
- The word for Monday in Spanish is lunes, from Luna (moon)
- The word for Tuesday in Spanish is martes, from Marte (Mars)
- The word for Wednesday in Spanish is miércoles, from Mercurio (Mercury)
- The word for Thursday in Spanish is jueves, from Júpiter (Jupiter)
- The word for Friday in Spanish is viernes, from Venus (Venus)
- The word for Saturday in Spanish is sábado, from Sabbat (Sabbath: Jewish day of rest and prayer)
- The word Sunday in Spanish is domingo, from Dies Dominicus (Latin for Day of the Lord)
5. Pronunciation: Using the days of the week in Spanish in everyday situations
Now that you’ve learned the days of the week in Spanish and how to use them, check out this video from Spring Spanish, a popular YouTube channel with Spanish lessons. Spring Spanish is part of a language education company called Spring Languages, where we teach languages through Conversation Based Chunking on YouTube and in our Academy.
6. Master the Days of the Week in Spanish: A Key to Language Learning Progression
Learning basic vocabulary is crucial when starting to learn a new language, as it enables us to communicate effectively in everyday situations.
By mastering the days of the week in Spanish, you'll be able to hold basic conversations with native speakers, and this can help you progress quickly in your language learning journey. So, let's get started and practice the pronunciation, writing, and usage of the days of the week in Spanish.
For more help to improve your Spanish pronunciation and speaking and listening skills, make sure to request your free Spanish chunking starter pack, which comes with resources, walkthrough videos, and an intro to Conversation Based Chunking (a method to learn any language without cramming word lists and grammar rules).