Ultimate Guide to Body Parts in Spanish: Head to Toe + Examples

Are you ready to learn body parts in Spanish?

This is the ultimate resource for mastering body parts vocabulary. From head to toe, you’ll learn the Spanish names for every part of the human body. Whether you’re just starting to learn Spanish or want to reinforce your existing vocabulary, you’ll find everything you need in this comprehensive guide.

We’ll explore the Spanish words for head, eyes, arms, legs and much more. Not only will you learn the basic nouns, but also phrases and idioms related to body parts. From “break a leg” to “keep your head up,” you’ll discover useful and conversational Spanish idioms.

Maura from Spring Spanish, a project I co-founded, made a fantastic explanatory video about body parts in Spanish you can watch right here:

This guide is perfect for beginners and advanced learners alike. It covers essential vocabulary, grammar, and even practical examples – get ready to master Spanish body parts in the most comprehensive way!

1. Spanish body parts – the basics

The human body is made up of various body parts, including the head, eyes, arms, legs, and torso. Learning the vocabulary for these main body parts is essential for describing yourself, or others accurately.

SpanishEnglish
CabezaHead
CuelloNeck
Parte superior del cuerpoUpper body
HombrosShoulders
PechoBreast/chest
BrazoArm
EspaldaBack
Parte inferior del cuerpoLower body
PiernasLegs
PiesFeet

Take a look at this next picture and practice the Spanish pronunciation of the body parts!

body parts in spanish on a cartoon
Human body parts vocabulary in spanish Vector Illustration

2. Parts of the body – the head

The head is one of the most important body parts, containing the brain, eyes, ears, nose, and mouth.

Learn the correct vocabulary in Spanish to describe all the facial features accurately.

SpanishEnglish
CabelloHair
CaraFace
CuelloNeck
GargantaThroat
Cuero cabelludoScalp
FrenteForehead
CejasEyebrows
PárpadoEyelid
PestañasEyelashes
OjosEyes
NarizNose
MejillasCheeks
BocaMouth
LabiosLips
DientesTeeth
OrejasEars
MandíbulaJaw
MentónChin

3. Talk about upper body in Spanish

We’re moving quickly further down the body in Spanish.

Vocabulary for the upper body is useful for describing yourself or even when giving directions related to the torso and limbs. It can even help you when you’re talking about sports in Spanish: which exercises target which muscle groups and more.

SpanishEnglish
HombrosShoulders
PechoBreast/chest
EstómagoStomach
TorsoTorso
PielSkin
CinturaWaist
OmbligoBelly button
BrazoArm
CodoElbow
AntebrazoForearm
ManoHand
MuñecaWrist
DedoFinger
PulgarThumb
PalmaPalm
UñasNails

4. Vocabulary for lower body parts in Spanish

Important vocabulary about the lower body parts includes the following words:

From the hips down to the toes, learning this terminology gives a strong foundation for communicating about the lower body effectively.

SpanishEnglish
PiernaLeg
NalgasButtocks
CaderaHip
TraseroButt
PantorrillaCalf
MusloThigh
RodillaKnee
RótulaKneecap
EspinillaShin
PiesFeet
Dedos del pieToes
TalónHeel
TobilloAnkle

5. Describe body in and out – internal organs in Spanish

The internal organs are vital components of the human body. God forbid you get yourself in a situation where you need these phrases: like an emergency, or at the doctor’s office.

With these Spanish words and phrases, you can describe symptoms, understand your diagnoses, and strictly follow the given instructions related to internal body parts and their functions.

SpanishEnglish
CerebroBrain
CorazónHeart
SangreBlood
MúsculoMuscle
PulmónLung
HígadoLiver
RiñónKidney
IntestinosIntestines
PáncreasPancreas
BazoSpleen
Vesícula biliarGallbladder
VejigaBladder
Órganos reproductoresReproductive organs

6. A child’s song to learn the names of the body parts in Spanish

There is a very popular children’s song to learn the body parts in Spanish.

It’s called “Cabeza, hombros, piernas, pies” and it’s the Spanish version of the English children’s song “Head, Shoulders, Knees and Toes.” Take a look and sing along!

The lyrics are:

Cabeza, hombros, rodillas y pies,
rodillas y pies.
Cabeza, hombros, rodillas y pies,
rodillas y pies y…
ojos, orejas, boca y nariz.

You already know the English version, for sure!

This catchy song goes together by movements pointing to the body parts mentioned in the lyrics. It’s really funny! And it’s also a dynamic way for everyone, not just children, to learn the names of body parts while moving to the rhythm of the music.

7. Spanish phrases and Spanish words for body parts

Body part idioms are used in Spanish just like in English to further express emotions, give advice, or describe situations figuratively.

These Spanish sayings and idioms are good because you get to describe some situations that were unknown, or that would be hard to describe otherwise. With these Spanish sentences, you’ll get closer to the Spanish culture and also get fluent faster.

SpanishEnglishActual Meaning
¡Rómpete una pierna!Break a leg!Good luck!
Mantén un ojo sobre esoKeep an eye on it.Watch it carefully.
Pon los pies en la tierraPut your foot down.Be firm or assertive.
¡Déjame en paz!Get off my back!Stop bothering me.
Dame una manoGive me a hand.Help me.
Mantén la cabeza altaKeep your chin up.Stay positive.
Mantén los oídos abiertosKeep your ears open.Listen carefully.
Muerde tu lenguaHold your tongue.Don’t speak or say something.
No te metas en esoKeep your nose out of it.Mind your own business.
Mantén la cabeza bajaKeep your head down.Avoid attention or trouble.

These are some of the most common phrases or chunks that appear in Spanish. You might wonder: what are chunks? Chunks are the natural building blocks of the language that native speakers use AND what the Conversation Based Chunking focuses on. Click the button to learn more about this approach!

8. Spanish language grammar – how to use definite articles and possessive adjectives with main parts of the body

It’s fairly easy to use the Spanish definite articles (el, la, los, las) when we talk about the body parts in Spanish.

  • La cabeza – the head
  • El brazo – the arm
  • Las piernas – the legs

But when referring to the parts in relation to a specific owner, possessive adjectives in Spanish (mi, tu, su, su, nuestro/a, vuestro/a, su) are also used before the definite articles:

  • mi cabeza – my head
  • tus ojos – your eyes
  • su nariz – his/her nose
  • nuestras manos – our hands

When speaking of duplicate body parts, the plural definite article is used, even when referring to a single owner:

  • Me duelen los pies. – My feet hurt.
  • Te lavas las manos. – You wash your hands.

So the correct use of definite articles and possessive adjectives is critical to communicate precisely about body parts in Spanish.

9. Practice body parts in Spanish – Access Full Practice Worksheet Library

Fill in the blanks with the correct Spanish word for each body part mentioned.

5 more exercises are still waiting for you – along with a lot more behind the curtains! Click the button now and gain access to our Full Practice Worksheet Library!

10. Learn the names of body parts with Conversation Based Chunking

You’ve reached the end of this comprehensive guide to body parts in Spanish!

Throughout this article, you’ve acquired a solid vocabulary of nouns, adjectives, phrases, and idioms related to the human body. From head to toe, internal organs and everything in between, you now have the linguistic tools to describe and talk about the body fluently.

An excellent way to practice this new knowledge is through Conversation Based Chunking. This method focuses on actively practicing the use of the new words and phrases in real or simulated conversations. If you naturally include the body part terms in your everyday speech, you will be “chaining” or linking them to relevant situations and contexts.

So don’t be afraid to start talking about your body, your symptoms or complimenting someone else’s physical features – the more you practice this vocabulary in authentic conversations, the stronger your comprehension and fluency will become!

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