Vegetables in Spanish: 100+ Words for Vegetables & Healthy Life

Whether you’re a foodie, a Spanish learner, or planning to travel to a Spanish-speaking country, knowing the words for fruits and vegetables in Spanish can be incredibly useful. We’ll cover common root vegetables, leafy greens, legumes, and even some delicious exotic vegetables like taro.

Lucky for you, Spring Spanish (a project I co-founded) made a great video on how you can use cooking vocabulary in Spanish:

Having this vocabulary at your fingertips will make it much easier to shop at local markets, order healthier dishes when dining out, and even try new recipes at home.

Plus, knowing the Spanish words for nutrient-rich fruits and veggies can help you maintain a balanced, fiber-filled diet while immersing yourself in the language and culture.

1. Root vegetables in Spanish

Root vegetables grow underground and include carrots, beets, radishes, and potatoes.

root vegetables in spanish

They are excellent sources of complex carbohydrates and fiber.

SpanishEnglish
ZanahoriaCarrot
RemolachaBeet
NaboTurnip
RábanoRadish
PapaPotato
CamoteSweet Potato
ChirivíaParsnip
Apio NaboCeleriac
JengibreGinger
Rábano PicanteHorseradish
GalangaGalangal
Perejil de RaízParsley Root
ArrurruzArrowroot
JícamaJicama
MalangaMalanga
ÑameYam
WasabiWasabi
Rábano NegroBlack Radish
SalsifíSalsify
ColinaboKohlrabi

2. Vocabulary in Spanish for stem vegetables

These are the edible stems of plants, such as asparagus, celery, and rhubarb.

They are typically low in calories and provide essential nutrients.

SpanishEnglish
EspárragoAsparagus
ApioCelery
RuibarboRhubarb
CardoCardoon
BambúBamboo Shoots
Ñame EspinosoCrosne
CebolletasScallions
CebollínChives
EneldoDill
HinojoFennel
PerejilParsley
CilantroCilantro
Ajo PorroLeek
Cebolla de VerdeoGreen Onion
CalabacínZucchini
OkraOkra
AlcachofaArtichoke
Cogollo de BruselasBrussels Sprouts
BrócoliBroccoli
Espárragos TriguerosAsparagus Peas

3. More words for vegetables: leafy greens

These are the nutrient-dense leaves of plants, including spinach, kale, lettuce, and cabbage.

They are rich in vitamins A, C, and K, as well as folate and iron.

leafy green vegetables in spanish
SpanishEnglish
EspinacaSpinach
Col RizadaKale
LechugaLettuce
ColCabbage
AcelgaSwiss Chard
BerzaCollard Greens
EndiviaEndive
EscarolaEscarole
Mostaza VerdeMustard Greens
CanónigosLamb’s Lettuce
Diente de LeónDandelion Greens
BorrajaBorage
BerroWatercress
PerifolloChervil
PerejilParsley
AlbahacaBasil
RomeroRosemary
TomilloThyme
SalviaSage
MentaMint

4. Vegetable vocabulary: cruciferous vegetales

These belong to the Brassica family and include broccoli, cauliflower, brussels sprouts, and kale.

They are known for their cancer-fighting properties and high fiber content.

SpanishEnglish
BrócoliBroccoli
ColiflorCauliflower
Col de BruselasBrussels Sprouts
Col RizadaKale
Col LombardaRed Cabbage
Col BlancaWhite Cabbage
NaboTurnip
ColinaboKohlrabi
RábanoRadish
Rábano PicanteHorseradish
Mostaza VerdeMustard Greens
Col ChinaBok Choy
BerzaCollard Greens
WasabiWasabi
ArúgulaArugula
BerroWatercress
Rábano NegroBlack Radish

5. Allium vegetables: nutritional and cardiovascular benefits

These are vegetables from the onion family, such as onions, garlic, leeks, and shallots.

They are known for their pungent flavors and potential anti-inflammatory and cardiovascular benefits.

SpanishEnglish
AjoGarlic
CebollaOnion
CebolletaShallot
CebollínChives
Ajo PorroLeek
ChaloteShallot
Cebolla de VerdeoGreen Onion
Cebolla RojaRed Onion
Cebolla BlancaWhite Onion
Cebolla AmarillaYellow Onion
Cebolla MoradaPurple Onion
Cebolla PerladaPearl Onion
Ajo ElefanteElephant Garlic
Ajo TiernoGreen Garlic
CebollinoChive
RakkyoRakkyo
KurratKurrat

6. Fruits and vegetables in Spanish

These are the edible fruits of plants, such as tomatoes, peppers, eggplants, and squash. They are excellent sources of vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants.

SpanishEnglish
manzanaapple
plátanobanana
naranjaorange
uvagrape
fresastrawberry
piñapineapple
sandíawatermelon
melónmelon
tomatetomato
papapotato
zanahoriacarrot
lechugalettuce
cebollaonion
ajogarlic
calabazapumpkin
espinacaspinach
brócolibroccoli
coliflorcauliflower
berenjenaeggplant
pepinocucumber
apiocelery
remolachabeet
maízcorn
guisantepea
habichuelagreen bean
chilechili pepper

7. Practice Worksheet for vegetables in Spanish

Fill in the blanks with the correct Spanish word(s) from the blog post content.

This is just part of the exercise we have for this blog post. If you want, you can request the full practice worksheet by clicking the button below!

8. Memorize the list of vegetables with Conversation Based Chunking

Learning the names of vegetables in Spanish is another great way to expand your vocabulary and prepare yourself to speak like a local.

It doesn’t really matter if you travel to a Spanish-speaking country, cook Latin American dishes, or simply want to add more healthy vegetables into your diet – you have to know these words!

The best part is that you can quickly memorize a wide variety of vegetables using the Conversation Based Chunking method. Not only will you learn the names, but you’ll also be able to practice how to pronounce them and use them in sentences – it’s much easier and more interactive than just looking at a vocabulary list! With this method, you immerse yourself fully in the language.

But don’t stop there!

In addition to learning the names, be sure to eat fresh, delicious vegetables as sources of vitamins, fiber and other essential nutrients.

These vegetables will keep you healthy.

And if you need more help, we have articles dedicated to Spanish food vocabulary and how to order in Spanish restaurants – enjoy learning and eating!

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