Nationalities in Spanish: 137 Nationalities from Every Continent

You’re watching the Formula 1 and while enjoying an exciting race, you couldn’t help but notice the diversity of nationalities represented on the grid. From Britain’s Lewis Hamilton to Monaco’s Charles Leclerc to Spain’s Fernando Alonso and Mexico’s Sergio Perez.

And this mix of cultures made you reflect on the importance of learning about nationalities in Spanish. Whether for traveling, doing business or just engaging in casual conversation, being able to correctly refer to nationalities is key. Spring Spanish made a great video on how you can talk about where you are from:

In this exciting blog post, you’ll learn everything you need to know about nationalities in Spanish. From grammar rules to practical examples, this article will be your ultimate guide.

1. What to look out for in conversations when mastering nationalities in Spanish?

There are 3 really important things to look out for when talking about nationalities in Spanish:

  1. Pay attention to gender
  2. When should you use plural forms
  3. Capitalization rules

Let’s take a look one by one!

Which gender to use with nationalities in Spanish?

Unlike in English, most nationalities in Spanish have both masculine and feminine forms that you must use correctly when referring to someone’s nationality.

For example:

  • an Italian man is “italiano” while an Italian woman is “italiana.”

Plural forms of nationalities

Plural forms of nationalities follow specific rules.

If the nationality ends in a consonant, add “-es” to make it plural (e.g. español/españoles). If it ends in a vowel, add “-s” (peruano/peruanos).

You should pay close attention to these plural forms when you’re describing groups of different nationalities.

Capitalization: Spanish grammar is different than English

Capitalization is another aspect to consider.

In Spanish, nationalities are typically not capitalized (e.g. “el español” for the Spanish language).

2. Nationalities in Spanish from Europe

nationalities in spanish europe map
Country in SpanishCountry in EnglishNationality in Spanish
EspañaSpainespañol/a
FranciaFrancefrancés/francesa
ItaliaItalyitaliano/a
AlemaniaGermanyalemán/alemana
PortugalPortugalportugués/portuguesa
GreciaGreecegriego/a
Países BajosNetherlandsholandés/holandesa
BélgicaBelgiumbelga
SuizaSwitzerlandsuizo/a
AustriaAustriaaustríaco/a
SueciaSwedensueco/a
NoruegaNorwaynoruego/a
DinamarcaDenmarkdanés/danesa
FinlandiaFinlandfinlandés/finlandesa
IslandiaIcelandislandés/islandesa
IrlandaIrelandirlandés/irlandesa
Reino UnidoUnited Kingdombritánico/a
EscociaScotlandescocés/escocesa
GalesWalesgalés/galesa
PoloniaPolandpolaco/a
República ChecaCzech Republiccheco/a
EslovaquiaSlovakiaeslovaco/a
HungríaHungaryhúngaro/a
RumaniaRomaniarumano/a
BulgariaBulgariabúlgaro/a
SerbiaSerbiaserbio/a
CroaciaCroatiacroata
EsloveniaSloveniaesloveno/a
AlbaniaAlbaniaalbanés/albanesa
MontenegroMontenegromontenegrino/a
Macedonia del NorteNorth Macedoniamacedonio/a
MaltaMaltamaltés/maltesa
TurquíaTurkeyturco/a

3. Countries and Nationalities in Spanish from North America

Country in SpanishCountry in EnglishNationality in Spanish
Estados UnidosUnited Statesestadounidense
MéxicoMexicomexicano/a
CanadáCanadacanadiense
GuatemalaGuatemalaguatemalteco/a
BeliceBelizebeliceño/a
HondurasHondurashondureño/a
El SalvadorEl Salvadorsalvadoreño/a
NicaraguaNicaraguanicaragüense
Costa RicaCosta Ricacostarricense
PanamáPanamapanameño/a
CubaCubacubano/a
JamaicaJamaicajamaiquino/a
HaitíHaitihaitiano/a
BahamasBahamasbahameño/a
BarbadosBarbadosbarbadense
República DominicanaDominican Republicdominicano/a
Puerto RicoPuerto Ricopuertorriqueño/a

4. Talking about nationalities in Spanish from Central America

Country in SpanishCountry in EnglishNationality in Spanish
GuatemalaGuatemalaguatemalteco/a
BeliceBelizebeliceño/a
HondurasHondurashondureño/a
El SalvadorEl Salvadorsalvadoreño/a
NicaraguaNicaraguanicaragüense
Costa RicaCosta Ricacostarricense
PanamáPanamapanameño/a

5. Learn Spanish nationalities from South America

nationalities in spanish south america map
Country in SpanishCountry in EnglishNationality in Spanish
ColombiaColombiacolombiano/a
VenezuelaVenezuelavenezolano/a
EcuadorEcuadorecuatoriano/a
PerúPeruperuano/a
BoliviaBoliviaboliviano/a
ChileChilechileno/a
ArgentinaArgentinaargentino/a
UruguayUruguayuruguayo/a
ParaguayParaguayparaguayo/a
BrasilBrazilbrasileño/a
GuyanaGuyanaguyanés/guyanesa
SurinamSurinamesurinamés/surinamesa
Guayana FrancesaFrench Guianafrancés/francesa

6. Use nationalities from Asia

Country in SpanishCountry in EnglishNationality in Spanish
ChinaChinachino/a
IndiaIndiaindio/a
JapónJapanjaponés/japonesa
CoreaKoreacoreano/a
IndonesiaIndonesiaindonesio/a
MalasiaMalaysiamalayo/a
TailandiaThailandtailandés/tailandesa
VietnamVietnamvietnamita
FilipinasPhilippinesfilipino/a
SingapurSingaporesingapurense
Myanmar (Birmania)Myanmar (Burma)birmano/a
CamboyaCambodiacamboyano/a
LaosLaoslaosiano/a
MongoliaMongoliamongol/mongola
NepalNepalnepal

7. List of countries and nationalities from Africa

Country in SpanishCountry in EnglishNationality in Spanish
MarruecosMoroccomarroquí
ArgeliaAlgeriaargelino/a
TúnezTunisiatunecino/a
LibiaLibyalibio/a
EgiptoEgyptegipcio/a
SudánSudansudanés/sudanesa
EritreaEritreaeritreo/a
EtiopíaEthiopiaetíope
YibutiDjiboutiyibutiano/a
SomaliaSomaliasomalí
KeniaKenyakeniano/a
UgandaUgandaugandés/ugandesa
RuandaRwandaruandés/ruandesa
BurundiBurundiburundés/burundesa
TanzaniaTanzaniatanzano/a
MadagascarMadagascarmalgache
MozambiqueMozambiquemozambiqueño/a
ZimbabueZimbabwezimbabuense
NamibiaNamibianamibio/a
BotsuanaBotswanabotsuano/a
SudáfricaSouth Africasurafricano/a
LesotoLesotholesotense
SuazilandiaSwazilandswazi
MalíMalimaliense
Burkina FasoBurkina Fasoburkinés/burkinesa
NígerNigernigerino/a
ChadChadchadiano/a
República CentroafricanaCentral African Republiccentroafricano/a
CamerúnCamerooncamerunés/camerunesa
Guinea EcuatorialEquatorial Guineaecuatoguineano/a
GabónGabongabonés/gabonesa
República del CongoRepublic of the Congocongoleño/a
AngolaAngolaangoleño/a
Cabo VerdeCape Verdecaboverdiano/a
SenegalSenegalsenegalés/senegalesa
GambiaGambiagambiano/a
MauritaniaMauritaniamauritano/a
MalíMalimalí
GuineaGuineaguineano/a
Guinea-BisáuGuinea-Bissaubissau-guineano/a
Sierra LeonaSierra Leonesierraleonés/sierraleonesa
LiberiaLiberialiberiano/a
Costa de MarfilIvory Coastcostamarfileño/a
GhanaGhanaghanés/ghanesa
TogoTogotogolés/togolesa
BenínBeninbeninés/beninesa
NigeriaNigerianigeriano/a
Sahara OccidentalWestern Saharasaharaui
MauricioMauritiusmauritano/a
SeychellesSeychellesseychelense
ComorasComoroscomorano/a
MadagascarMadagascarmalgache

And after all of this, let’s see a real-life example of how you can speak about nationalities:

María: ¡Hola Juan! ¿Cómo estuvo tu viaje por el mundo? [Hello Juan! How was your trip around the world?]
Juan: ¡Fue increíble! Conocí a tanta gente de diferentes nacionalidades. [It was incredible! I met so many people of different nationalities.]
María: ¿En serio? ¡Cuéntame más! [Really? Tell me more!]
Juan: Bueno, en Europa conocí a una pareja encantadora, él era francés y ella italiana. [Well, in Europe I met a lovely couple, he was French and she was Italian.]
María: ¡Qué lindo! Y seguro probaste la deliciosa comida europea. [How nice! And I’m sure you tried the delicious European food.]
Juan: ¡Por supuesto! Luego, en las Américas, me hice amigo de un costarricense y una argentina. [Of course! Then, in the Americas, I became friends with a Costa Rican and an Argentine.]
María: Qué diversidad. ¿Y en África? [What diversity. And in Africa?]
Juan: Ah, ahí conocí a un marroquí y una keniata. ¡Fue fascinante aprender sobre sus culturas! [Ah, there I met a Moroccan and a Kenyan. It was fascinating to learn about their cultures!]
María: Increíble. ¿Y en Asia? [Incredible. And in Asia?]
Juan: En Asia hice amistad con una japonesa y un indonesio. ¡Eran muy amables! [In Asia, I made friends with a Japanese woman and an Indonesian. They were very kind!]
María: Vaya, qué experiencia más enriquecedora. Me alegro que hayas conocido a tantas personas de distintas nacionalidades. [Wow, what an enriching experience. I’m glad you met so many people of different nationalities.]
Juan: Sí, fue realmente especial. Ahora tengo amigos de todas partes del mundo. [Yes, it was really special. Now I have friends from all over the world.]

8. Download PDF, use Conversation Based Chunking guide and memorize nationalities easily

Learning nationalities in Spanish can actually be a breeze! How?

With the help of Conversation Based Chunking.

This method focuses on using conversation to learn and remember the gender, pronunciation, and usage of nationality adjectives and nouns. By practicing nationalities in the context of real sentences and phrases, you can effectively learn how to talk about countries and nationalities in Spanish.

To start, you can download a guide or PDF with a massive list of names and nationalities, along with their corresponding country. This list of countries and nationalities will serve as a handy reference throughout your learning journey. (You just have to click the button below!)

Next, engage in Conversation Based Chunking exercises that allow you to practice using nationalities in various contexts. By repeatedly using these terms in conversation, you’ll naturally develop an understanding of the grammar rules surrounding gender and pronunciation.

Conversation Based Chunking is an effective way to memorize nationalities in Spanish because it emphasizes practical usage over rote memorization.

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